The cause of TMJ disorder is difficult to determine. The pain experienced could be caused by a number of factors such as arthritis, genertis or jaw injury.
Factors that increase the risk of developing TMJ disorders include:
- Various types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
- Jaw injury
- Long-term (chronic) grinding or clenching of teeth
- Certain connective tissue diseases that cause problems which may affect the temporomandibular joint
In most cases, the pain associated with TMJ disorders is temporary and can be relieved with self-managed care or nonsurgical treatments. Surgery is usually a last resort if the pain consists or other conservative measures have failed. However, some people with TMJ disorders may benefit from surgical treatments. Please come see us if you have persistent pain or tenderness in your jaw, or if you can’t open or close your jaw completely.